Income Shifting to Reduce Tax for Real Estate Sale

Income shifting is a fundamental income tax planning concept. It involves strategically allocating income among related taxpayers to minimize the overall tax liability. This may be intended to use up tax attributes of one taxpayer (such as deductions or tax credits), take advantage of tax deferral options to delay paying taxes, or take advantage of…

What is a Partnership: State Law vs. Federal Tax Law

One of the nuances that come up in tax planning involves the interplay of state law and federal tax law. This brings in all of the nuances and challenges under state law to federal tax law. For example, one common nuance in business transactions arises when the parties to a business arrangement do not document…

Triggering Losses by Selling a Business: NQDC Example

Timing issues are one of the aspects of effective tax planning. There are scores of options for timing and tax deferral and recognition that depend on the taxpayer’s circumstances. For example, for corporate taxpayers, these timing issues may involve timing the receipt of income using the installment rules or the use of losses or foreign…

The Disguised Dividend for Owner-Employees

The corporation can be viewed from a number of different perspectives. One way is to view it as a group of people coming together to perform some business activity, with each having different relationships and risks in the arrangement. The role any one individual plays in the corporation may not be clearly defined. The owner-employee…

Tax Implications of Debt vs. Equity in Related Entities

Investors who engage in successful ventures often also invest in less successful ones. In some cases, one venture ends up funding another. When a taxpayer operates through multiple legal entities, this can lead to numerous complexities. For example, “due to” and “due from” intercompany transactions raise questions, even if they do not involve international transfers.…

S Corporation: Distribution of Appreciated Assets

Those who set up S corporations usually do so as their accountant told them that it could save taxes. This is often true. The S corporation can result in tax savings. This may include the standard reduction in self-employment/payroll taxes or, for more advanced tax planning, income taxes. The ability to freeze the value of…

Partnerships Have to Maintain Accurate Capital Accounts

One of the tax benefits of partnerships is that they are flexible. The parties can agree to differing terms and the values and dollars associated with those terms can be trued-up in subsequent years. The allocation of profit and loss provisions provides an example. Depending on their agreement, the parties can allocate profits and losses…

Overcoming the IRS’s Constructive Dividends Argument

Those who own C corporations have to be careful about what amounts are paid out to or benefit the corporate shareholders. This is particularly true for closely held and family corporations. On audit, the IRS will often assert that these distributions are constructive dividends. This is usually a bad answer for taxpayers as it increases…

Website Development Tax Deductions & the Start-Up Rules

There are several tax laws that have to be considered to determine when and how costs to develop websites are deductible. These expenses are almost always deductible. These tax laws raise timing questions. It’s a matter of when the expenses are deductible. For those who are developing website businesses as side-hustles, the issue takes on…