Research Tax Credit
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We are a tax law firm in Houston, Texas and we help defend R&D tax credits on audit, in appeals, and before the court.
About the R&D Tax Credit
The research tax credit provides a significant incentive to engage in research activities. It is one of several other targeted incentives, such as the solar tax credit.
The research tax credit reduces the taxes companies would have to pay on their income. The credit could be as much as 20% of the research and development cost that is qualified for the credit.
For example, if a company spends $100,000 in qualifying expenses, they can deduct 20% of that amount from their taxable income. This will be considered a nonrefundable tax credit on their Federal income tax returns.
The R&D tax credit is a federal tax credit available to companies who incur qualified research expenses. This tax credit is designed to encourage companies to undertake additional research.
The R&D tax credit was established in 1981 by the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981. The credit was later extended by the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1990, the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004, and the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015.
It is one of the largest tax incentives provided by Congress available today.
For many taxpayers, the tax savings can often far exceed any other legitimate tax planning strategy.
Who Qualifies for the R&D Tax Credit?
Many businesses are not aware of the research tax credit. Many bussiness are unaware of the benefits of R&D tax credits because they don’t know what they are, how to access them, or how to use them. This is because it is not widely reported in the media–unlike other tax credits and incentives.
The R&D tax credit rewards businesses that spend money on research and development in the U.S. The credit is available for a number of years during which research is conducted, but it’s important to know when claiming the credit to do so in a timely manner.
Research and development (R&D) is the systematic practice of creating knowledge by investigating, experimenting, and designing.
Generally, activities to design a product or process can qualify. Congress has added a number of requirements and limitations to try to clarify which design work qualifies.
It was originally designed to help U.S. industries compete against foreign countries that offer some form of R&D incentive, but it has since been expanded to cover some domestic activities as well.
The credit is not limited to taxpayers in the hi-tech or science industries. Taxpayers in just about any industry may qualify. This includes manufacturers, consultants (such as engineers or architects), or companies with in-house computer staff.
The calculation for the credit is complicated. Wages, contract costs, supply costs, and certain computer rental costs can be included as qualified research expenses or QREs. The taxpayer’s gross receipts are also factored into the computation. The formula then compares these amounts for the current tax year to those for base years.
The IRS’s Aggressive Approach to R&D Tax Credits
The R&D tax credit has also generated quite a bit of controversy between the IRS and taxpayers.
The IRS frequently audits and litigates research tax credits. This is evidenced by the growing body of court cases for research credits.
Here are a few examples:
- Research Does Not Have to Be New to the World
- Gross Receipts from CFCs Excluded in Computing Research Tax Credit
- Ship Designs Qualify for the Research Tax Credit
- Revisiting Supply Expenses for the Research Tax Credit
- Foreign Branch Income is Gross Receipts for Research Tax Credit
- Research Was Not Routine, But Compensation Was Excessive
- Wages for Research Were Not Reasonable
- Taxpayer Can Pick & Choose Between Regulations
- Government Limits on Disclosing Information from Research Tax Credit Audit
Defending Your R&E Tax Credits
We help clients defend their research tax credits. This includes helping with IRS and state audits, appeals and litigation for research tax credits.
We have defended hundreds of research tax credits.
If you have taken a research tax credit and the IRS is auditing your return, we want to hear from you. Call us at research tax credit case.or schedule an appointment to discuss your
R&D Tax Credit Articles
More articles about the research tax credit.