Categories
Tax Litigation Tax Procedure

IRS Summons Reaches Attorney’s Client Names

Communications with an attorney are generally protected from disclosure.  But what about client names?  And what power does the IRS have the power to force an attorney to disclose the names of his clients?  The court addressed this in U.S. v. Servin, No. 17-1371 (3d Cir. 2018). Facts and Procedural History The case involved an attorney […]

Categories
IRS Audits Tax Procedure

Can IRS Cure Defective Summons With Second Summons?

The administrative summons is one of the IRS’s primary tools for obtaining information from taxpayers and third parties. There are very few requirements that the IRS has to satisfy in issuing summones. In Maxcrest Limited v. United States, Case No. 15-mc-80270-JST, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California addressed whether the IRS […]

Categories
IRS Audits Tax Procedure

Five IRS Audits in Ten Years is Not Harassment

In Appenrodt v. United States, No. 3:16-cv-02010-LB (N.D. Cal. 2016), the court concluded that the IRS did not harass a taxpayer by subjecting the taxpayer to five audits in ten years. Facts & Procedural History The IRS conducted an audit to Mr. Appenrodt’s individual income tax returns for tax years 2005-2008.  It made audit adjustments for […]

Categories
Tax Litigation Tax Procedure

Choosing Not to Comply With an IRS Summons

The law requires taxpayers to keep certain records. The IRS expects taxpayers to produce these records on request. The IRS has the power to issue an administrative summons if the taxpayer does not cooperate. This begs the question as to what happens if the taxpayer chooses not to comply with an IRS summons? The United […]

Categories
Recordkeeping Tax Procedure

Limits on IRS’s Ability to Ask for Records Multiple Times

If the IRS conducts an audit for one year and reviews records, but fails to keep the records and then conducts an audit for a second year, is the taxpayer obligated to provide a second copy of the records the IRS failed to keep from the first year?  The court addressed this in United States v. […]

Categories
IRS Audits Tax Procedure

IRS Announces Significant Changes to Audit Process

The Large Business & International or LB&I division of the IRS recently announced significant changes to the way its IRS auditors gather information from taxpayers. These announcements were made by directives issued by the LB&I Commissioner to all LB&I agents, which makes it mandatory for IRS agents to follow the directives. Reasons for The Changes […]

Categories
Tax Litigation Tax Procedure

About the IRS Summons Enforcement Hearing

The IRS has quite a few powers to encourage taxpayers to cooperate. The IRS summons is arguably the most powerful tool the IRS has in its arsenal. While the taxpayer may not agree that the underlying tax is even owed, they still have to comply with the IRS’s summons. The recent United States v. Battle, […]